TITLE 14. LIEN
CHAPTER 1. LIENS IN GENERAL
Article 1. Definition of Liens
California Civil Code Section 2872-2877
2872. A lien is a charge imposed in some mode other than by a
transfer in trust upon specific property by which it is made security
for the performance of an act.
2873. Liens are either general or special.
2874. A general lien is one which the holder thereof is entitled to
enforce as a security for the performance of all the obligations, or
all of a particular class of obligations, which exist in his favor
against the owner of the property.
2875. A special lien is one which the holder thereof can enforce
only as security for the performance of a particular act or
obligation, and of such obligations as may be incidental thereto.
2876. Where the holder of a special lien is compelled to satisfy a
prior lien for his own protection, he may enforce payment of the
amount so paid by him, as a part of the claim for which his own lien
2877. Contracts of mortgage, pledge, bottomry, or respondentia, are
subject to all the provisions of this Chapter.