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Regulation CC
Availability of Funds And Collection Of Checks

Subpart A--General

Section 229.1 - Authority and purpose; organization.
Section 229.2 - Definitions.
Section 229.3 - Administrative enforcement.
 

 

Sec. 229.1 Authority and purpose; organization.

     (a) Authority and purpose. This part (Regulation CC; 12 CFR part 229) is issued by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Board) to implement the Expedited Funds Availability Act (Act) (title VI of Pub. L. 100-86, 101 Stat. 552, 635), as amended by section 1001 of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act of 1990 (Pub. L. 101-625, 104 Stat. 4079, 4424) and sections 212(h), 225, and 227 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (Pub. L. 102-242, 105 Stat. 2236, 2303, 2307).
     (b) Organization. This part is divided into subparts and appendices as follows--
     (1) Subpart A contains general information. It sets forth--
     (i) The authority, purpose, and organization;
     (ii) Definition of terms; and
     (iii) Authority for administrative enforcement of this part's provisions.
     (2) Subpart B of this part contains rules regarding the duty of banks to make funds deposited into accounts available for withdrawal, including availability schedules. Subpart B of this part also contains rules regarding exceptions to the schedules, disclosure of funds availability policies, payment of interest, liability of banks for failure to comply with Subpart B of this part, and other matters.
     (3) Subpart C of this part contains rules to expedite the collection and return of checks by banks. These rules cover the direct return of checks, the manner in which the paying bank and returning banks must return checks to the depositary bank, notification of nonpayment by the paying bank, indorsement and presentment of checks, same-day settlement for certain checks, the liability of banks for failure to comply with subpart C of this part, and other matters.
 

Sec. 229.2 Definitions.

     As used in this part, unless the context requires otherwise:
     (a) Account means a deposit as defined in 12 CFR 204.2(a)(1)(i) that is a transaction account as described in 12 CFR 204.2(e). As defined in these sections, account generally includes accounts at a bank from which the account holder is permitted to make transfers or withdrawals by negotiable or transferable instrument, payment order of withdrawal, telephone transfer, electronic payment, or other similar means for the purpose of making payments or transfers to third persons or others. Account also includes accounts at a bank from which the account holder may make third party payments at an ATM, remote service unit, or other electronic device, including by debit card, but the term does not include savings deposits or accounts described in 12 CFR 204.2(d)(2) even though such accounts permit third party transfers. An account may be in the form of--
     (1) A demand deposit account,
     (2) A negotiable order of withdrawal account,
     (3) A share draft account,
     (4) An automatic transfer account, or
     (5) Any other transaction account described in 12 CFR 204.2(e).
     Account does not include an account where the account holder is a bank, where the account holder is an office of an institution described in paragraphs (e)(1) through (e)(6) of this section or an office of a foreign bank as defined in section 1(b) of the International Banking Act (12 U.S.C. 3101) that is located outside the United States, or where the direct or indirect account holder is the Treasury of the United States.
     (b) Automated clearinghouse or ACH means a facility that processes debit and credit transfers under rules established by a Federal Reserve Bank operating circular on automated clearinghouse items or under rules of an automated clearinghouse association.
     (c) Automated teller machine or ATM means an electronic device at which a natural person may make deposits to an account by cash or check and perform other account transactions.
     (d) Available for withdrawal with respect to funds deposited means available for all uses generally permitted to the customer for actually and finally collected funds under the bank's account agreement or policies, such as for payment of checks drawn on the account, certification of checks drawn on the account, electronic payments, withdrawals by cash, and transfers between accounts.
     (e) Bank means-- For purposes of subpart C of this part and, in connection therewith,
this subpart A, the term bank also includes any person engaged in the
business of banking, as well as a Federal Reserve Bank, a Federal Home
Loan Bank, and a state or unit of general local government to the
extent that the state or unit of general local government acts as a
paying bank.
     (1) An insured bank as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 18I3) or a bank that is eligible to apply to become an insured bank under section 5 of that Act (12 U.S.C. 1815);
     (2) A mutual savings bank as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813);
     (3) A savings bank as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813);
     (4) An insured credit union as defined in section 101 of the Federal Credit Union Act (12 U.S.C. 1752) or a credit union that is eligible to make application to become an insured credit union under section 201 of that Act (12 U.S.C. 1781);
     (5) A member as defined in section 2 of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (12 U.S.C. 1422);
     (6) A savings association as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813) that is an insured depository institution as defined in section 3 of that Act (12 U.S.C. 1813(c)(2)) or that is eligible to apply to become an insured depository institution under section 5 of that Act (12 U.S.C. 1815); or
     (7) An agency or a branch of a foreign bank as defined in section l(b) of the International Banking Act (12 U.S.C. 3101).

For purposes of subpart C of this part and, in connection therewith, this subpart A, the term bank also includes any person engaged in the business of banking, as well as a Federal Reserve Bank, a Federal Home Loan Bank, and a state or unit of general local government to the extent that the state or unit of general local government acts as a paying bank.
     (f) Banking day means that part of any business day on which an office of a bank is open to the public for carrying on substantially all of its banking functions.
     (g) Business day means a calendar day other than a Saturday or a Sunday, January 1, the third Monday in January, the third Monday in February, the last Monday in May, July 4, the first Monday in September, the second Monday in October, November 11, the fourth Thursday in November, or December 25. If January 1, July 4, November 11, or December 25 fall on a Sunday, the next Monday is not a business day.
     (h) Cash means United States coins and currency.
     (i) Cashier's check means a check that is--
     (1) Drawn on a bank;
     (2) Signed by an officer or employee of the bank on behalf of the bank as drawer;
     (3) A direct obligation of the bank; and
     (4) Provided to a customer of the bank or acquired from the bank for remittance purposes.
     (j) Certified check means a check with respect to which the drawee bank certifies by signature on the check of an officer or other authorized employee of the bank that--
     (1) (i) The signature of the drawer on the check is genuine; and
     (ii) The bank has set aside funds that--
     (A) Are equal to the amount of the check, and
     (B) Will be used to pay the check; or
     (2) The bank will pay the check upon presentment.
     (k) Check means--
     (1) A negotiable demand draft drawn on or payable through or at an office of a bank;
     (2) A negotiable demand draft drawn on a Federal Reserve Bank or a Federal Home Loan Bank;
     (3) A negotiable demand draft drawn on the Treasury of the United States;
     (4) A demand draft drawn on a state government or unit of general local government that is not payable through or at a bank;
     (5) A United States Postal Service money order; or
     (6) A traveler's check drawn on or payable through or at a bank. The term check does not include a noncash item or an item payable in a medium other than United States money. A draft may be a check even though it is described on its face by another term, such as money order. For purposes of subpart C, and in connection therewith, subpart A, of this part, the term check also includes a demand draft of the type described above that is nonnegotiable.
     (l) [Reserved]
     (m) Check processing region means the geographical area served by an office of a Federal Reserve Bank for purposes of its check processing activities.
     (n) Consumer account means any account used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.
     (o) Depositary bank means the first bank to which a check is transferred even though it is also the paying bank or the payee. A check deposited in an account is deemed to be transferred to the bank holding the account into which the check is deposited, even though the check is physically received and indorsed first by another bank.
     (p) Electronic payment means a wire transfer or an ACH credit transfer.
     (q) Forward collection means the process by which a bank sends a check on a cash basis to the paying bank for payment.
     (r) Local check means a check payable by or at a local paying bank, or a check payable by a nonbank payor and payable through a local paying bank.
    (s) Local paying bank means a paying bank that is located in the
same check-processing region as the physical location of the branch,
contractual branch, or proprietary ATM of the depositary bank in which
that check was deposited.
     (t) Merger transaction means--
     (1) A merger or consolidation of two or more banks; or
     (2) The transfer of substantially all of the assets of one or more banks or branches to another bank in consideration of the assumption by the acquiring bank of substantially all of the liabilities of the transferring banks, including the deposit liabilities.
     (u) Noncash item means an item that would otherwise be a check, except that--
     (1) A passbook, certificate, or other document is attached;
     (2) It is accompanied by special instructions, such as a request for special advice of payment or dishonor;
     (3) It consists of more than a single thickness of paper, except a check that qualifies for handling by automated check processing equipment; or
     (4) It has not been preprinted or post-encoded in magnetic ink with the routing number of the paying bank.
     (v) Nonlocal check means a check payable by, through, or at a nonlocal paying bank.
     (w) Nonlocal paying bank means a paying bank that is not a local paying bank with respect to the depositary bank.
     (x) Nonproprietary ATM means an ATM that is not a proprietary ATM.
     (y) [Reserved]
     (z) Paying bank means--
     (1) The bank by which a check is payable, unless the check is payable at another bank and is sent to the other bank for payment or collection;
     (2) The bank at which a check is payable and to which it is sent for payment or collection;
     (3) The Federal Reserve Bank or Federal Home Loan Bank by which a check is payable;
     (4) The bank through which a check is payable and to which it is sent for payment or collection, if the check is not payable by a bank; or
     (5) The state or unit of general local government on which a check is drawn and to which it is sent for payment or collection.

For purposes of subpart C, and in connection therewith, subpart A, paying bank includes the bank through which a check is payable and to which the check is sent for payment or collection, regardless of whether the check is payable by another bank, and the bank whose routing number appears on a check in fractional or magnetic form and to which the check is sent for payment or collection.
     (aa) Proprietary ATM means an ATM that is--
     (1) Owned or operated by, or operated exclusively for, the depositary bank;
     (2) Located on the premises (including the outside wall) of the depositary bank; or
     (3) Located within 50 feet of the premises of the depositary bank, and not identified as being owned or operated by another entity. If more than one bank meets the owned or operated criterion of paragraph (AA)(1) of this section, the ATM is considered proprietary to the bank that operates it.
     (bb) Qualified returned check means a returned check that is prepared for automated return to the depositary bank by placing the check in a carrier envelope or placing a strip on the check and encoding the strip or envelope in magnetic ink. A qualified returned check need not contain other elements of a check drawn on the depositary bank, such as the name of the depositary bank.
     (cc) Returning bank means a bank (other than the paying or depositary bank) handling a returned check or notice in lieu of return. A returning bank is also a collecting bank for purposes of UCC 4-202(b).
     (dd) Routing number means--
     (1) The number printed on the face of a check in fractional form on in nine-digit form; or
     (2) The number in a bank's indorsement in fractional or nine-digit form.
     (ee) Similarly situated bank means a bank of similar size, located in the same community, and with similar check handling activities as the paying bank or returning bank.
     (ff) State means a state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands.
     (gg) Teller's check means a check provided to a customer of a bank or acquired from a bank for remittance purposes, that is drawn by the bank, and drawn on another bank or payable through or at a bank.
     (hh) Traveler's check means an instrument for the payment of money that--
     (1) Is drawn on or payable through or at a bank;
     (2) Is designated on its face by the term traveler's check or by any substantially similar term or is commonly known and marketed as a traveler's check by a corporation or bank that is an issuer of traveler's checks;
     (3) Provides for a specimen signature of the purchaser to be completed at the time of purchase; and
     (4) Provides for a countersignature of the purchaser to be completed at the time of negotiation.
     (ii) Uniform Commercial Code, Code, or U.C.C. means the Uniform Commercial Code as adopted in a state.
     (jj) United States means the states, including the District of Columbia, the US Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.
     (kk) Unit of general local government means any city, county, parish, town, township, village, or other general purpose political subdivision of a state. The term does not include special purpose units of government, such as school districts or water districts.
     (ll) Wire transfer means an unconditional order to a bank to pay a fixed or determinable amount of money to a beneficiary upon receipt or on a day stated in the order, that is transmitted by electronic or other means through Fedwire, the Clearing House Interbank Payments System, other similar network, between banks, or on the books of a bank. Wire transfer does not include an electronic fund transfer as defined in section 903(6) of the Electronic Fund Transfer Act (15 U.S.C. 1693a(6)).
     (mm) Fedwire has the same meaning as that set forth in Sec. 210.26(e) of this chapter.
     (nn) Good faith means honesty in fact and observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing.
     (oo) Interest compensation means an amount of money calculated at the average of the Federal Funds rates published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for each of the days for which interest compensation is payable, divided by 360. The Federal Funds rate for any day on which a published rate is not available is the same as the published rate for the last preceding day for which there is a published rate.
     (pp)  Contractual branch, with respect to a bank, means a branch of
another bank that accepts a deposit on behalf of the first bank.
 

Sec. 229.3 Administrative enforcement.

     (a) Enforcement agencies. Compliance with this part is enforced under--
     (1) Section 8 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1818 et seq.) in the case of--
     (i) National banks, and Federal branches and Federal agencies of foreign banks, by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency;
     (ii) Member banks of the Federal Reserve System (other than national banks), and offices, branches, and agencies of foreign banks located in the United States (other than Federal branches, Federal agencies, and insured State branches of foreign banks), by the Board; and
     (iii) Banks insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (other than members of the Federal Reserve System) and insured State branches of foreign banks, by the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;
     (2) Section 8 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision in the case of savings associations the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; and
     (3) The Federal Credit Union Act (12 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) by the National Credit Union Administration Board with respect to any federal credit union or credit union insured by the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund. The terms used in paragraph (a)(1) of this section that are not defined in this part or otherwise defined in section 3(s) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813(s)) shall have the meaning given to them in section 1(b) of the International Banking Act of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 3101).
     (b) Additional powers. (1) For the purposes of the exercise by any agency referred to in paragraph (a) of this section of its powers under any statute referred to in that paragraph, a violation of any requirement imposed under the Act is deemed to be a violation of a requirement imposed under that statute.
     (2) In addition to its powers under any provision of law specifically referred to in paragraph (a) of this section, each of the agencies referred to in that paragraph may exercise, for purposes of enforcing compliance with any requirement imposed under this part, any other authority conferred on it by law.
     (c) Enforcement by the Board. (1) Except to the extent that enforcement of the requirements imposed under this part is specifically committed to some other government agency, the Board shall enforce such requirements.
     (2) If the Board determines that--
     (i) Any bank that is not a bank described in paragraph (a) of this section; or
     (ii) Any other person subject to the authority of the Board under the Act and this part,

has failed to comply with any requirement imposed by this part, the Board may issue an order prohibiting any bank, any Federal Reserve Bank, or any other person subject to the authority of the Board from engaging in any activity or transaction that directly or indirectly involves such noncomplying bank or person (including any activity or transaction involving the receipt, payment, collection, and clearing of checks, and any related function of the payment system with respect to checks).

Subpart B - Availability of Funds and Disclosure of Funds Availability Policies

Subpart C - Collection of Checks

Appendices A & B

Appendices C & D

Appendix E (Large File - May Load Slowly)

Appendix F

 

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